Canon Ef 50Mm F/1

Canon celebrated the 25th year anniversary of the EF 50mm f/1.8 II Lens with ... The announcement of its replacement,the Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens.The 50mm f/1.8 II was an extremely popular lens, primarily because of its introduction-to-prime-wide aperture & good stopped-down image unique at a very low price.Many had long been waiting for a new 50mm lens from Canon và the 50mm STM Lens appeared khổng lồ be a significant nâng cấp while retaining essentially the same ultra-small kích thước and weight.That the new lens remained Canon"s lowest-priced definitely produced smiles.

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The image below shows the visual differences between the 50 f/1.8 STM (sandwiched in the middle) & the 50 f/1.8 II.


The poorly-constructed 50mm f/1.8 II left many opportunities for upgrades and the 50mm f/1.8 STM addressed a substantial number of them.Here is a menu of some differences between these lenses:

7 rounded aperture blades vs. 5 non-rounded (no more pentagonal bokeh)Metal lens mount vs. PlasticImproved overall build unique (my original 50mm f/1.8 II broke in half for an unknown reason)Super Spectra CoatingA much improved manual focus ringSTM vs. Micro Motor (smoother and quieter)FTM (Full Time Manual) focusing (as long as shutter release is half-pressed)13.8" (350mm) MFD (Minimum Focus Distance) vs. 17.7" (450mm)0.21x milimet (Maximum Magnification) vs. 0.15x49mm vs. 52mm filter kích thước (though not much of an advantage from my perspective)Narrower f/22 aperture available vs. F/16Accepts normal bayonet-mount lens hood vs. Threaded adapter


Focal Length / Focal Length Range

Sometimes, it is easy khổng lồ justify the purchase of a lens for a subset of its attributes (such as price), but when it is time to lớn select the ideal lens for a particular use,the focal length always becomes a very important attribute.The focal length determines the angle of view which determines the distance required for the desired subject framing and the distance from the subject determines the perspective.Fortunately for this lens, the 50mm focal length has a great number of uses.

On a full frame body, a 50mm focal length appears very natural, approximating how we perceive a scene with our own eyes in field of view và perspective terms.In the film days, a 50mm lens was often available in a 35mm SLR kit, indicating both this focal length"s popularity & its general purpose usefulness.While not available in manufacturers" kits today, Canon and Nikon both have four 50mm prime lenses in their lineups, showing the continued popularity of this focal length.

Fifty milimet lenses are frequently used in fashion, portraiture, weddings, documentary, lifestyle, sports, architecture, landscape và general studio photography applications including product photography.As noted, a number of the good applications for this lens include people as subjects.A 50mm lens used on a full frame body toàn thân is modestly too wide angle for tightly framed head shot portraits (a too-close perspective is required for my taste at least),but 50mm is a very good choice for less-tightly-framed head and shoulders, partial body and full body toàn thân portraits.

Mounted on an APS-C/1.6x FOVCF body, a 50mm lens delivers an angle of view equivalent to lớn an80mm lens on a full frame body.This tighter angle of view is useful for the same purposes just mentioned và tighter-framed portraits retain a better perspective.

The 50mm focal length can work well for panorama images.I was out in the boat giving the 50 STM some real world use when this iron railroad bridge being lit by a setting sun caught my eye.I captured portions of the bridge in many images, but decided khổng lồ capture a series of images that could be used for a panorama (which also allowed many sub-images to lớn be cropped out later).The current was moving the boat, so I quickly captured the 10 frames used for creating this 95 megapixel image with aCanon EOS 5D Mark III behind the 50 STM:


Max Aperture

A feature that many prime (fixed focal length) lenses have is an ultra-wide aperture.A wide aperture allows more light lớn reach the imaging sensor, permitting action-stopping shutter speeds in low light conditions.A wide aperture also reduces depth of field (DOF), permitting a strong background blur to be created.Here is an example created with the full frame Canon EOS 5Ds R:


The depth of field continues lớn increase as the aperture narrows beyond f/8, but the change is not noticeable at this resolution.Just because the lens opens to f/1.8 doesn"t mean that you will want khổng lồ use the lens at f/1.8 for all purposes.

The shallow DOF may not work well for the subject and/or, the image quality at the widest aperture may not be acceptable.


Image Quality

When the 50 f/1.8 STM was announced, I was comparing the MTF chart against it predecessor, the 50 f/1.8 II.I initially thought I had downloaded one of the wrong charts.The graphs were sized differently, but they were showing the identical line plot.

I of course could not mentally rest without knowing what was going on, so I asked.In answer to my "Does the new 50mm STM contain the same optics thiết kế as the 50mm f/1.8 II?" question, Canon U.S.A."s extremely knowledgeable Chuck Westfall responded:

"Yes, the optics of the EF 50mm f/1.8 STM are the same as the original EF 50mm f/1.8 và EF 50mm f/1.8 II."

Was I disappointed?Yes. I of course want all new lenses to be optically improved over the prior version. Is using the same optical design in the new lens a bad decision on Canon"s part?No, not necessarily.People loved the 50mm f/1.8 II Lens, otherwise known as the "Nifty Fifty", especially because of the decent prime-grade image chất lượng it delivered (when stopped down) at a really low price tag.With a host of improvements available at the same price point, the STM version would launch lớn instant success.

In addition, Canon promised"optimized lens placement and Super Spectra Coating (SSC), translating into less ghosting and flaring than the previous model, while at the same time helping to enhance light transmission & optimize màu sắc reproduction accuracy."

One of the key reasons to lớn select a prime lens over a zoom is to lớn get a wider aperture.However, in this case, you may not want khổng lồ use the widest apertures available if sharp results are your goal.At f/1.8, I"ll hotline the 50 STM results ... Artistic.A small area in the center of the frame has just-usable sharpness (needs extra contrast/de-haze and sharpening), but the balance of the image circle is blurry with an overall low contrast fog/haze present.

Would I use f/1.8 on this lens?Not if I was looking for sharp results.However, photographers are paying a lot of money for lenses that intentionally create a dreamy look such as this.With this lens, you can dial in the amount of effect by simply selecting a wider aperture.

At f/2, the center of the frame shows a marked improvement in sharpness, but the balance of the frame shows more improvement at f/2.8.At f/2.8 the center is very sharp, the mid-frame portion of the image circle is reasonably sharp and corners, while improved, remain rather soft.Note that APS-C format body users will avoid the worst of this lens" corner softness.

At f/4, this lens looks very impressive with the area of sharpness progressing strongly outward in the image circle và only the extreme full frame corners showing softness.Full frame corner sharpness continues to improve as the aperture narrows, with f/8 và f/11 corners looking excellent.

As always, the effects of diffraction become noticeable at the narrowest apertures with all current DSLR models showing reduced sharpness at f/16 và results are quite soft at f/22 even on a full frame 22mp DSLR.That this lens now features f/22 (vs. The II"s narrowest f/16 aperture) means little khổng lồ me personally.

I recommend viewing the Canon 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens image unique results khổng lồ see the sharpness performance with your own eyes.Also available in this tool is the 50mm f/1.8 STM vs. II lens comparison.Using the 5Ds R as a thử nghiệm body, we see that the STM is slightly sharper in the center of the frame at f/1.8.By f/2.8, the two lenses appear khổng lồ be equivalents.Stopping down to lớn f/4 và beyond shows the STM lens to have a nice advantage in the mid and peripheral portions of the image circle.

Here is a real world phối of sharpness examples.These crops were taken from just slightly above the bottom right corner of a full frame Canon EOS 5D Mark III-captured images.


RAW format images were processed in DPP using the Standard Picture Style with sharpness level set khổng lồ "1".The corner of the frame always brings out the worst in a lens và as expected, this lens shows soft, hazy details at the wider apertures.

Also commonly showing in wide aperture corners is vignetting.With roughly 4-5 stops of vignetting showing in full frame corners at f/1.8, the 50 STM"s darkening is noticeable.

The most frequently seen type of CA (Chromatic Aberration), lateral (or transverse) CA, shows as different colors of the spectrum being magnified differently with the mid and especially in the periphery of the image circleshowing màu sắc fringing at lines of strong contrast (where the greatest difference in wavelengths meet).This defect is generally easily correctable, but ... No correction is needed with this lens in front of the camera.The 50 f/1.8 STM performs very well, showing negligible lateral CA as show in this full frame corner crop:


The 50 f/1.8 STM"s very low lens element/group count (6/5) results in only mild amounts of flare with the sun in the corner of the frame at wide apertures.Stop down to f/5.6 or beyond và flare becomes practically nonexistent.

Coma is generally recognized by sharp detail contrast towards the center of an image & long, soft contrast transition toward the image periphery.The 50 f/1.8 STM shows strong coma in the periphery of the image circle at the widest apertures.The coma slowly lessens as the aperture is narrowed until much diminished at f/4.

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This lens has a slight amount of barrel distortion that will primarily show only when a straight line is running near & parallel lớn the edge of a full frame image.

While the wide open image quality this lens delivers may be described as "dreamy", the bokeh (quality of the out-of-focus portions of the image)would not fully qualify for the "creamy" descriptor by most.While I"m not going to điện thoại tư vấn the 50 f/1.8 STM"s bokeh special, it is not bad & the updated lens renders blurred portions of the image more pleasingly than its predecessor.

The most readily recognized difference is in the shape of the out of focus highlights.Basically, all lenses produce rounded out of focus specular highlights when used at their widest apertures (the aperture blades stay out of the picture).When stopped down, the lens" aperture kiến thiết plays a larger role in the shapes with blade count being especially notable in this case.

The 50 f/1.8 II"s 5-blade non-rounded kiến thiết was noted for creating strong pentagonal shapes from out of focus highlights.The 50 f/1.8 STM"s 7-blade aperture adds two sides to these shapes và the rounded blade shape softens the corners slightly.While the STM"s results are much better than the sharp-pointed pentagonals, one should not expect perfectly round out of focus highlights at narrower apertures.Here is a comparison example that highlights the bokeh difference between the 50 f/1.8 STM & the 50 f/1.8 II lenses:


For many people, this lens is an introduction to lớn prime lens image quality and part of that introduction is to lớn the strong background blur that wideaperture prime lenses are generally capable of.At a short focus distance, the widest apertures of this lens can indeed create a strong background blur.I"ll mô tả an example later.

Overall, it is not hard to lớn find flaws in the Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens" image quality.But stopped down, this lens performs very well.Especially for the price.



The Canon EF 50 f/1.8 STM Lens name reveals the use of a stepping motor-driven AF system (the "STM" part).The STM kiến thiết is a focus-by-wire AF implementation.

The focusing ring does not turn during AF và FTM (Full Time Manual) focusing is supported.In AF mode, manual focusing (FTM) is supported only while the shutter release is half-pressed, diminishing the pre-focus usefulness of FTM.When the menu option is available, electronic manual focusing of the lens must be enabled (the default).

Also not as friendly as Ring USM designs is that, in MF mode (switch in the "MF" position), the camera meter must be on/awake for manual focusing to lớn function.Note that MF is not available during DOF preview.

Not surprising is that a small lens has an also-small focusing ring.The flush-mounted focus ring is usable with the image framing remaining stable (a nice upgrade from the f/1.8 II).The MF ring is easy to rotate và is smooth.

The rate of focusing change depends on how quickly the 50 STM focus ring is rotated.Turn the MF ring slowly for fine adjustments & quickly for a faster change.While I understand the reasoning for this, I find the differing rates to be slightly maddening.Move the ring too fast when fine tuning & you need to start over.I still prefer the linear change design.

Expect some modest subject size change in the frame when pulling focus using this lens.

The 50 STM"s front filter threads bởi not rotate with focusing, facilitating use of circular polarizer filters.This lens uses a front-focusing design và the lens" inner barrel extends modestly at minimum focus distance.

There are no focus distance or DOF markings provided on this lens.There is no room for a distance window, and since the focusing ring is not directly connected khổng lồ the focusing gears (same as with most USM AF implementations), printed markings are not an option.Most AF lenses produced today have no significant DOF markings and I doubt that many using this lens will care about either of these missing features.

At reviews time, Canon"s best lenses are currently getting ring USM AF systems & the rest are getting the STM option.Ring USM lenses typically focus faster and have advantages including always-available full time manual focusing (even with the camera powered off).An STM system"s biggest advantage over ring USM (aside from low cost) is in the smoothness of focusing, primarily benefiting Movie Servo AF.

Canon has promoted STM for smoothness và quietness.As was the case with the Canon EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM Lens và theCanon EF 40mm f/2.8 STM Lens, the smoothness part holds true but the noise part does not.While this lens is much improved from the loud buzzy f/1.8 II, it is not silent.

One of the biggest differences between the 50mm f/1.8 II and the 50mm f/1.8 STM lenses,as their names imply, is the AF system implementation and the audibility differences of these systems is especially notable.The 50mm f/1.8 STM"s focusing sound is greatly improved/reduced over the 50mm f/1.8 II micro motor"s presence-announcing buzz.Identical near full range autofocus adjustments in both directions can be heard in the following AF sound comparison clip.Turn up your speaker volume và then click on the visual comparison image:


These camera sounds were driven by a Canon EOS 5Ds and recorded with aTascam DR-07mkII Portable Digital Audio Recorderwith record levels phối to 1/2 at -12db gain & placed very close khổng lồ the side of the lens.

The perfect lens AF sound would of course be a flat line, but ... AF moves parts and moving parts tend to lớn make at least some noise.In this case, the STM is audible & audible enough for on-camera mics to lớn pick up.

As with other STM lenses, a slow change in focus distance (such as when recording video) results in a noticeably quieter sound.

As usual, the 50 f/1.8 STM makes short focus distance changes quickly, but a full-extent focus adjustment provides time for the smoothness of focusing lớn be better appreciated.

From a tốc độ comparison standpoint, both 50mm f/1.8 lenses focus with similar tốc độ ... Unless one or the other makes some adjustments post initial focus acquisition.The STM version did not make these adjustments as frequently in my testing, so it appears lớn be the faster focusing lens in practical use.AF tốc độ is probably not going to lớn be an nâng cấp reason for most.

I spent a good amount of time testing AF accuracy & the EF 50mm f/1.8 STM lens performs very well in this regard.

The Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens" 13.8" (350mm) MFD (Minimum Focus Distance) creates a best-in-class (omitting macro lenses) 0.21x mm (Maximum Magnification).These specs are notably improved over the 50 f/1.8 II.Here is a comparison:

Canon EF 40mm f/2.8 STM Lens11.8"(300mm)0.18x
Canon EF 50mm f/1.2L USM Lens17.7"(450mm)0.15x
Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM Lens17.7"(450mm)0.15x
Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 STM Lens13.8"(350mm)0.21x
Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 II Lens17.7"(450mm)0.15x
Canon EF 50mm f/2.5 Macro Lens9.1"(230mm)0.50x
Canon EF-S 60mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens7.9"(200mm)1.00x
Sigma 50mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art Lens15.7"(400mm)0.18x
Sigma 50mm f/1.4 EX DG HSM Lens17.1"(434mm)0.14x
Sigma 50mm f/2.8 EX DG Macro Lens7.5"(190mm)1.00x
Zeiss 50mm f/1.4 Planar T* ZE Lens17.7"(450mm)0.15x
Zeiss 50mm f/2.0 Makro-Planar T* ZE Lens9.4"(240mm)0.50x
Zeiss Otus 55mm f/1.4 Lens19.7"(500mm)0.14x

Here is a real life 0.21x magnification example from a full frame camera: